filename pattern) ausgewählt werden. Ein solches Muster kann sogenannte (klassische) Joker- oder Platzhalterzeichen und einen CBM-DOS-spezifischen. Jokerzeichen, Wildcards. Eine Reihe von Befehlen möchte man z. B. nicht nur auf eine Datei, sondern auf einige ausgewählte oder auf alle Dateien anwenden. Jokerzeichen (auch Platzhalterzeichen, Globalzeichen ® oder Wildcards genannt) können in der EDV bei der ® Suche nach z. B. Dateien oder Ordnern ein.
Wildcard (Informatik)alle HTML-Dateien) bearbeiten möchten. Für diesen Zweck besitzt die Shell die sogenannten Jokerzeichen (Wildcards). Wenn diese Jokerzeichen eingesetzt. Jokerzeichen Platzhalter oder Jokerzeichen sind Symbole eines Zeichencodes, die man in Befehlen oder Datenbankabfragen verwendet. Der Sinn von diesen. Sogenannte Matchcodes, auch Jokerzeichen oder Wildcards genannt, können nur für Texte beliebige Folge von Zeichen wozu auch NULL gehört. WHERE.
Joker Zeichen Thus this article Joker Zeichen Tattoo VideoHOW TO DRAW THE JOKER
One of the most iconic characters in popular culture, the Joker has been listed among the greatest comic book villains and fictional characters ever created.
The character's popularity has seen him appear on a variety of merchandise, such as clothing and collectible items, inspire real-world structures such as theme park attractions , and be referenced in a number of media.
The Joker has been adapted to serve as Batman's adversary in live-action, animated, and video game incarnations, including the s Batman television series played by Cesar Romero and in films by Jack Nicholson in Batman , Heath Ledger in The Dark Knight , and Joaquin Phoenix in Joker ; Ledger and Phoenix each earned an Academy Award for their portrayals.
Mark Hamill , Troy Baker and others have provided the character's voice ranging from animation to video games. Bill Finger , Bob Kane , and Jerry Robinson are credited with creating the Joker, but their accounts of the character's conception differ, each providing his own version of events.
Finger's, Kane's, and Robinson's versions acknowledge that Finger produced an image of actor Conrad Veidt in character as Gwynplaine a man with a disfigured face, giving him a perpetual grin in the film The Man Who Laughs as an inspiration for the Joker's appearance, and Robinson produced a sketch of a joker playing card.
Robinson claimed that it was his card sketch that served as the character's concept, and that Finger associated with Veidt's portrayal.
In a interview in The Amazing World of DC Comics , Robinson said he wanted a supreme arch-villain who could test Batman, not a typical crime lord or gangster designed to be easily disposed of.
He wanted an exotic, enduring character as an ongoing source of conflict for Batman similar to the relationship between Sherlock Holmes and Professor Moriarty , designing a diabolically sinister-but-clownish villain.
He said that the name came first, followed by an image of a playing card from a deck he often had at hand: "I wanted somebody visually exciting.
I wanted somebody that would make an indelible impression, would be bizarre, would be memorable like the Hunchback of Notre Dame or any other villains that had unique physical characters.
Finger thought the concept was incomplete, providing the image of Veidt with a ghastly, permanent rictus grin. Kane countered that Robinson's sketch was produced only after Finger had already shown the Gwynplaine image to Kane, and that it was only used as a card design belonging to the Joker in his early appearances.
Bill Finger and I created the Joker. Bill was the writer. Jerry Robinson came to me with a playing card of the Joker. That's the way I sum it up.
Bill Finger had a book with a photograph of Conrad Veidt and showed it to me and said, 'Here's the Joker. He brought in a playing card, which we used for a couple of issues for him [the Joker] to use as his playing card.
Robinson credited himself, Finger, and Kane for the Joker's creation. He said he created the character as Batman's larger-than-life nemesis when extra stories were quickly needed for Batman 1, and he received credit for the story in a college course: .
That was the first mention of it He can be credited and Bob himself, we all played a role in it. The concept was mine. Bill finished that first script from my outline of the persona and what should happen in the first story.
He wrote the script of that, so he really was co-creator, and Bob and I did the visuals, so Bob was also. I got a call from Bob Kane He had a new villain.
When I arrived he was holding a playing card. Apparently Jerry Robinson or Bob, I don't recall who, looked at the card and they had an idea for a character Bob made a rough sketch of it.
At first it didn't look much like the Joker. It looked more like a clown. The volume I had was The Man Who Laughs — his face had been permanently operated on so that he will always have this perpetual grin.
And it looked absolutely weird. I cut the picture out of the book and gave it to Bob, who drew the profile and gave it a more sinister aspect.
Then he worked on the face; made him look a little clown-like, which accounted for his white face, red lips, green hair. And that was the Joker! Although Kane adamantly refused to share credit for many of his characters and refuted Robinson's claim until Kane's death , many comic historians credit Robinson with the Joker's creation and Finger with the character's development.
The Joker debuted in Batman 1 April as the eponymous character's first villain, about a year after Batman's debut in Detective Comics 27 May The Joker initially appeared as a remorseless serial killer, modeled after a joker playing card with a mirthless grin, who killed his victims with "Joker venom," a toxin that left their faces smiling grotesquely.
Finger wanted the Joker to die because of his concern that recurring villains would make Batman appear inept, but was overruled by then-editor Whitney Ellsworth ; a hastily drawn panel, indicating that the Joker was still alive, was added to the comic.
The character's regular appearances quickly defined him as the archenemy of the Dynamic Duo — Batman and Robin ; he killed dozens of people, and even derailed a train.
Around the same time, DC Comics found it easier to market its stories to children without the more mature pulp elements that had originated many superhero comics.
During this period, the first changes in the Joker began to appear, portraying him more as a prankster than a threat; when he kidnaps Robin, Batman pays the ransom by check, meaning that the Joker cannot cash it without being arrested.
The cover of Detective Comics 69, known as "Double Guns" with the Joker emerging from a genie lamp, aiming two guns at Batman and Robin , is considered one of the greatest superhero comic covers of the Golden Age and is the only image of the character using traditional guns.
Robinson said that other contemporary villains used guns, and the creative team wanted the Joker—as Batman's adversary—to be more resourceful.
The Joker was one of the few popular villains continuing to appear regularly in Batman comics from the Golden Age into the Silver Age, as the series continued during the rise in popularity of mystery and romance comics.
In , Finger wrote an origin story for the Joker in Detective Comics , which introduced the characteristic of him formerly being the criminal Red Hood , and his disfigurement the result of a fall into a chemical vat.
By , the Comics Code Authority had been established in response to increasing public disapproval of comic book content.
The backlash was inspired by Frederic Wertham , who hypothesized that mass media especially comic books was responsible for the rise in juvenile delinquency , violence and homosexuality, particularly in young males.
Parents forbade their children from reading comic books, and there were several mass burnings. The character appeared less frequently after , when Julius Schwartz who disliked the Joker became editor of the Batman comics.
As the show's popularity waned, however, so did that of the Batman comics. In , after a four-year disappearance,  the Joker was revived and revised by writer Dennis O'Neil and artist Neal Adams.
Beginning with Batman 's "The Joker's Five-Way Revenge", the character returns to his roots as an impulsive, homicidal maniac who matches wits with Batman.
I went to the DC library and read some of the early stories. I tried to get a sense of what Kane and Finger were after.
DC Comics was a hotbed of experimentation during the s, and in the character became the first villain to feature as the title character in a comic book series, The Joker.
Although he murdered thugs and civilians, he never fought Batman; this made The Joker a series in which the character's villainy prevailed over rival villains, instead of a struggle between good and evil.
The series never found an audience, and The Joker was canceled after nine issues despite a "next issue" advertisement for an appearance by the Justice League.
In , DC Comics reissued the series as a trade paperback. When Jenette Kahn became DC editor in , she redeveloped the company's struggling titles; during her tenure, the Joker would become one of DC's most popular characters.
In "The Laughing Fish", the Joker disfigures fish with a rictus grin resembling his own expecting copyright protection , and is unable to understand that copyrighting a natural resource is legally impossible.
I really wanted to get back to the idea of Batman fighting insane murderers at 3 a. Years after the end of the television series, sales of Batman continued to fall and the title was nearly cancelled.
Although the s restored the Joker as an insane, lethal foe of Batman, it was during the s that the Batman series started to turn around and the Joker came into his own as part of the "Dark Age" of comics: mature tales of death and destruction.
The shift was derided for moving away from tamer superheroes and villains , but comic audiences were no longer primarily children. Todd was unpopular with fans; rather than modify his character, DC opted to let them vote for his fate and a vote plurality had the Joker beat Todd to death with a crowbar.
This story altered the Batman universe: instead of killing anonymous bystanders, the Joker murdered a core character in the Batman fiction; this had a lasting effect on future stories.
Alan Moore and Brian Bolland 's graphic novel The Killing Joke expands on the Joker's origins, describing the character as a failed comedian who adopts the identity of the Red Hood to support his pregnant wife.
The animated series introduced the Joker's female sidekick: Harley Quinn , a psychiatrist who falls for—and ends up in an abusive relationship with—the Joker, becoming his supervillain accomplice.
The character was popular, and was adapted into the comics as the Joker's romantic interest in Breyfogle conceived the idea as a means to expand on Anarky's characterization, but O'Neil by then the editor for the Batman series of books was opposed to it, and only allowed it to be written under protest, and with a promise that the revelation would eventually be revealed incorrect.
However, the Anarky series was cancelled before the rebuttal could be published. The story arc explores the symbiotic relationship between the Joker and Batman, and sees the villain shatter the trust between Batman and his adopted family.
The Joker has undergone many revisions since his debut. The most common interpretation of the character is that he is disguised as the criminal Red Hood and pursued by Batman.
The Joker falls into a vat of chemicals that bleaches his skin, colors his hair green and his lips red, and drives him insane.
The reasons why the Joker was disguised as the Red Hood, and his identity before his transformation have changed over time.
The character was introduced in Batman 1 , in which he announces that he will kill three of Gotham's prominent citizens including Henry Claridge.
Although the police protect Claridge, the Joker had poisoned him before making his announcement and Claridge dies with a ghastly grin on his face; Batman eventually defeats him, sending him to prison.
His resulting disfigurement led him to adopt the name "Joker", from the playing card figure he came to resemble.
In this story, the Joker is obsessed with maintaining his illusion of wealth and celebrity as a criminal folk hero, afraid to let Gotham's citizens know that he is penniless and was tricked out of his fortune.
Batman: The Killing Joke built on the Joker's origin story, portraying him as a failed comedian pressured into committing crime as the Red Hood to support his pregnant wife.
Batman's interference causes him to leap into a chemical vat, which disfigures him. This, combined with the trauma of his wife's earlier accidental death, causes him to go insane and become the Joker.
Although the Joker refuses, he shows his appreciation by sharing a joke with Batman. In the story "A Death in the Family", the Joker beats Jason Todd with a crowbar and leaves him to die in an explosion.
Todd's death haunts Batman, and for the first time he considers killing the Joker. In the " No Man's Land " storyline, the Joker murders Commissioner Gordon's second wife, Sarah , as she shields a group of infants.
The Joker, lamenting that he may never walk again, collapses with laughter when he realizes that the commissioner has avenged Barbara's paralysis.
The s began with the crossover story "Emperor Joker", in which the Joker steals Mister Mxyzptlk 's reality-altering power and remakes the universe in his image torturing and killing Batman daily, before resurrecting him.
When the supervillain then tries to destroy the universe, his reluctance to eliminate Batman makes him lose control, and Superman defeats him.
Instead, the Joker flanked by an army of "Jokerized" supervillains launches a final crime spree. Believing that Robin Tim Drake has been killed in the chaos, Dick Grayson beats the Joker to death although Batman revives his foe to keep Grayson from being a murderer , and the villain succeeds in making a member of the Bat-family break their rule against killing.
In " Under the Hood " , a resurrected Todd tries to force Batman to avenge his death by killing the Joker. Batman refuses, arguing that if he allows himself to kill the Joker, he will not be able to stop killing other criminals.
The supervillain returns in "The Clown at Midnight" as a cruel, enigmatic force who awakens and tries to kill Harley Quinn to prove to Batman that he has become more than human.
When the Joker escapes, he attacks the Black Glove, burying its leader Simon Hurt alive after the supervillain considers him a failure as an opponent; the Joker is then defeated by the recently returned Batman.
Batman later informs Hal Jordan that the Mobius Chair revealed that "there are three. The first issue was released on August 25, and ended on October 28, Although a number of backstories have been given, a definitive one has not yet been established for the Joker.
An unreliable narrator , the character is uncertain of who he was before and how he became the Joker: "Sometimes I remember it one way, sometimes another He falls into a vat of chemical waste when his heist is thwarted by Batman, emerging with bleached white skin, red lips, green hair and a permanent grin.
This story was the basis for the most often-cited origin tale, Moore's one-shot The Killing Joke. Unsuccessful, he agrees to help mobsters with a robbery and becomes the Red Hood.
The heist goes awry; the comedian leaps into a chemical vat to escape Batman, surfacing disfigured.
This, combined with the earlier accidental death of his wife and unborn child, drives the comedian insane and he becomes the Joker. The miniseries also reveals that Batman knows the Joker's identity, and has kept it secret out of knowledge it would put his wife and son in danger.
However, the Joker's unreliable memory has allowed writers to develop other origins for the character. He has his fateful first meeting with Batman, which results in his disfigurement.
It is suggested that the Joker is sane, and feigns insanity to avoid the death penalty. In Batman Confidential 7—12, the character, Jack, is a talented criminal who is bored with his work.
He encounters and becomes obsessed with Batman during a heist, embarking on a crime spree to attract his attention. After Jack injures Batman's girlfriend, Batman scars Jack's face with a permanent grin and betrays him to a group of mobsters, who torture him in a chemical plant.
Jack escapes, but falls into an empty vat as gunfire punctures chemical tanks above him. The flood of chemicals used in anti-psychotic medication alters his appearance and completes his transformation.
The Joker has claimed a number of origins, including being the child of an abusive father who broke his nose, and the long-lived jester of an Egyptian pharaoh.
As Batman says: "Like any other comedian, he uses whatever material will work. A number of alternate universes in DC Comics publications allow writers to introduce variations on the Joker, in which the character's origins, behavior, and morality differ from the mainstream setting.
Renowned as Batman's greatest enemy,     the Joker is known by a number of nicknames, including the Clown Prince of Crime, the Harlequin of Hate, the Ace of Knaves, and the Jester of Genocide.
The original, dominant image is that of an extreme psychopath ,  with genius-level intelligence and a warped, sadistic sense of humor.
This appearance is such a fundamental aspect of the character that when the animated series The Batman placed the Joker in a straitjacket, it quickly redesigned him in his familiar suit.
The Joker is obsessed with Batman, the pair representing a yin-yang of opposing dark and light force; although it is the Joker who represents humor and color and Batman who dwells in the dark.
Spectacle is more important than success for the Joker, and if it is not spectacular it is boring. Despite this body count, he is always found not guilty by reason of insanity and sent to Arkham Asylum, avoiding the death penalty.
The villain displays no instinct for self-preservation, and is willing to die to prove his point. The Joker's main characteristic is his apparent insanity, although he is not described as having any particular psychological disorder.
Like a psychopath, he lacks empathy, a conscience, and concern over right and wrong. In Arkham Asylum: A Serious House on Serious Earth , the Joker is described as capable of processing outside sensory information only by adapting to it.
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